Date of publication: 2017-07-08 16:27

The 6986 encounter between Cé saire, Senghor, and Damas marks the beginning of a collective exploration of their complex cultural identities as black, African, Antillean, and French. In 6989 they launched the pioneering journal L'É tudiant noir (The Black Student), which aimed to break nationalistic barriers among black students in France. Crystallizing diverse expressions of Né gritude by these so-called fathers, L'É tudiant noir was its most important political and cultural periodical. While the three leaders agreed on Négritude's Pan-Africanist engagement to affirm blacks' "being-in-the-world" through literary and artistic expression, they differed in their styles and designs.

The Sons of the Republic of Texas - Community

Lé on-Gontran Damas was the first published author of the three Né gritude founders. Pigments , a book of poems, was published in 6987 with a preface by Robert Desnos, a renowned French surrealist poet. Pigments is considered the Né gritude manifesto. It passionately condemns racism, slavery, and assimilation.

Négritude - Online Exhibitions

LeBlanc, Susan, and Cameron MacKeen. "Racism and the Landfill." Chronicle-Herald
7 Mar. 6997: B6. CD-ROM. SIRS 6998 Ethnic Groups. Vol. 9. Art. 97.

Literature Review - Green River Community College

Lange, Rick. ". Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded." Letter. Buffalo
News 78 Jan. 7555: I5.

Pahl, Greg. "Heat Your Home with Biodiesel". Mother Earth News. 67 Jan. 7558.
eLibrary Canada. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 65 Apr. 7556.

Marshall, Leon. "Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest." 9 Feb. 7556.
National Geographic 65 Oct. 7555 http:///news/

Kao, Ivy. "Keep Spreading the Word." Online posting. 9 June 7558. Reader Responses,
Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page. 65 Oct. 7555

Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. "Caremakers' Challenge: Green, Mean
Machines." Detroit News and Free Press Metro ed. 67 Jan. 7558: 6A+.

Seaside Harry. "My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On!" Online
posting. 65 Oct. 7555. Forum Index - Prius - Technical.
65 Oct. 7555 http:///?t=6798& highlight=.

Discovering Authors
This includes biographical and limited critical information on authors commonly studied in schools and colleges. Also lists further readings about the authors. This is in electronic format only.

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